Pain in the complex joint of the knee can be due to injury, overuse, or arthritis. Experienced orthopedic surgeon Apurva Dalal, MD, can help you determine the reason for your pain and effectively relieve it. You can set up a consultation with him at one of Tri-State Orthopaedics’ two locations, in Memphis and Germantown, Tennessee, to determine if surgery is necessary. Call or use the online booking agent to make an appointment today.
The knee is the largest joint in your body and consists of the femur, tibia, and patella, or kneecap. Articular, or surface, cartilage lines these bones and acts like a shock absorber to allow smooth functioning of the knee joint.
Between the tibia and femur lie two floating cartilages called menisci, which also act as shock absorbers and stabilizers. The medial and lateral collateral ligaments stabilize the knee, and the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments prevent the knee from buckling.
Knee pain can occur when any of these bones or connective tissue experiences damage or injury.
Knee arthroscopy is a common procedure in which Dr. Dalal makes an incision and inserts a fiber-optic telescope to examine, diagnose, and treat a painful knee.
Dr. Dalal uses arthroscopy to evaluate and treat the following conditions:
Meniscus tears often occur during a twisting type of injury in sports or when standing up from a squat or rising out of a chair. As you age, the cartilage becomes more brittle, making you more vulnerable to such tears. Symptoms of a meniscal tear include:
Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, commonly occurs during athletic activities. Once ruptured, the ACL does not heal and usually causes knee instability and the inability to return to normal sports. In most cases, Dr. Dalal recommends an ACL reconstruction during which a new ligament is fashioned to replace the ruptured ligament.
Patella, or kneecap, disorders include maltracking and surface cartilage tears. In most cases, Dr. Dalal treats kneecap issues with physical therapy and rehabilitation. If these therapies fail, he uses arthroscopy to repair the problem.
Knee arthritis causes pain during everyday activities, including walking and going upstairs. The most common forms of arthritis are osteoarthritis, a degenerative condition, and rheumatoid arthritis, an inflammatory condition.
Dr. Dalal may use arthroscopy to treat rheumatoid arthritis and reduce the amount of inflamed joint lining. Several surgical procedures can relieve a knee joint that’s had cartilage worn away due to osteoarthritis. Depending on the severity of your arthritis, Dr. Dalal may even recommend a total knee replacement.